The Student May:

  • Frequently off task

  • Easily distracted

  • Need frequent redirection and refocusing

  • Unable to follow multi-step directions or even finish one step directions

  • Get lost in the middle of tasks, sentences, conversations, explanations, etc

  • Frequently looking out window, around room, at objects, people, etc

  • Appear confused when assignment begins

  • Needs frequent restating of instructions

  • Often say’s “what?” or questions what has been said or asked

  • Appear confused, disoriented, or lost

  • Often fail to give close attention to details or make careless mistakes

  • Have difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities

  • Frequently switches from one activity to another

  • Rarely completes one task before beginning another

  • Seem scattered and disorganized

  • Have a chaotic thought pattern, jumping from one topic to another with no connection or transition

  • Often doesn’t seem to be listening when spoken to directly or looks through speaker

  • Often not follow through on instructions and/or fail to finish schoolwork

  • Have difficulty organizing tasks and activities

  • Often avoid or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort

  • Often lose things necessary for tasks or activities

  • Be easily distracted

  • Be forgetful

If this describes the student, proceed to the interventions. If not, try choosing another behavior.

Interventions:

  • Break down assignment

  • Break down directions

  • Break, moving position in class

  • Call on student frequently

  • Card Flip

  • Engage student

  • Explain assignment

  • Have student repeat directions back

  • Move to a new location in the classroom

  • Natural consequences

  • Non verbal cues

  • Pause before giving a direction

  • Praise when good attitude and involvement occur

  • Praise when on task

  • Proximity to students

  • Redirection

  • Stand while working

  • Talk to parent

  • Teach conflict resolution skills

  • Teach coping skills

  • Teach relationship skills

  • Teach relaxation techniques

  • Teach social skills

  • Touch base with student

  • Touch student on shoulder

  • Turn desk around

  • Use seating disk

  • Use timer

  • Velcro on the desk

A few important points:  

  • Try multiple interventions at the same time

  • Collect and track specific data on each intervention tried & its effect

  • If your data indicates no progress after a two weeks, you should consider a referral to the Trutherapy School Based Counselor.

Unfocused/Inattentive